to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Take a photo and USDA, NRCS. a sighting. It typically lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age. There is little difference between sapwood and heartwood which is yellowish grey to light brown with yellow streaks. pumila (Pursh) Gray Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Hackberry nipple gall is common and while it disfigures the leaves it does not hurt these trees. It is a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. VT. Forests, riparian terraces, regenerating fields, commonly on high-pH soils. Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. Celtis occidentalis L. var. is closely related to the Hackberry. 1 January 2009). Flower: Species is monoecious; very small (1/8 inch), light green, produced on stalks from new leaf axils. 1.  It is a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. Nymphs feed on new growth all summer, causing galls to form on the underside of leaves. The wood is sometimes used for narrow flooring and temporary furniture. Celtis occidentalis is mostly associated with moist soils along streams in Wisconsin, north at least to the Peshtigo River in southern Marinette County, but uncommon or absent over the far northern counties. L. N. common hackberry. The tree isn't generally damaged by the galls, but they are unsightly. ... Celtis occidentalis common hackberry Celtis palauensis Palau hackberry Celtis … Over 2 dozen species of birds eat the ripe, black berries (drupes), including pheasants, wild turkeys, cedar waxwings, yellow-bellied sapsucker, and bobwhite. Uses: Low grade lumber General Natural Range: North Dakota south to Oklahoma with isolated populations in Alabama. Celtis occidentalis of the tree are often available. Adult psyllids are about 4 to 5 mm long, and look like miniature cicadas. Tree Identification. The most distinguishing identification feature is the bark. It is a tree you will find in many parks in the United States. Gray. It typically lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are greenish-white. Nipple galls are light green, nipple-shaped, and about 4 mm in diameter. Sugarberry has narrower leaves which are smoother above. Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America. Plant profile page. The Common Hackberry is botanically called Celtis occidentalis. However, Celtis occidentalis is a forgiving urban tree and is considered tolerant of most soil and moisture conditions. Warty, corky bark covers the trunk. The branches tend to droop, giving mature trees a cylindrical shape and the appearance of even and equal spread of branches. C. occidentalis L. var. I don't know if all of the trees shown standing in the water are hackberries, but the sign says "hackberries" and it does show their willingness to grow in this flooded area. crassifolia (Lam.) The bark is tight light colored bark with numerous warty masses all over. cordata Willd. Ohio State University - This texture is generally on the trunk and branches. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. in part by the National Science Foundation. Please ask for permission before using my photographs. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Hackberry Celtis occidentalis The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall. Warty, corky bark covers the trunk. This tree is a U.S. native that is widely distributed throughout the east and midwest. Be sure to look at my page for Celtis laevigata - Sugarberry which 2020 Lives on hackberry. Discover thousands of New England plants. Powdery mildew and leaf spot may occur. Magnifica. Larger sizes and additional photographs Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Hackberry: tree to 60ft; alternate serrated leaves to 5 inches long, asymmetrical and 3-veined at the base; male and female flowers on the same tree The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. unintentionally); has become naturalized. As the summer progresses, the leaves are likely to be covered with nipple galls. Also covers Nipple galls. http://hcs.osu.edu/hcs/TMI/Plantlist/ce_talis.html. Hackberry is a member of the elm family, but is a different genus. the state. After mating in spring, females lay eggs on new growth. Though this is an attractive tree, it should never be planted in a residential setting because of the hackberry psyllids it harbors. populations both exist in a county, only native status All images and text © Your help is appreciated. is shown on the map. Black fruit are produced on the ends of long, drooping pedicels in late summer. Mature gray bark develops corky ri… The first photo on left shows leaves in mid May. Identification Feature Hints. To reuse an Psyllids over winter as adults in bark cracks and crevices. These are jumping plant lice that look like tiny cicadas. common hackberry Celtis occidentalis. • The fruit of the hackberry is a small berry that ripens in September or October. Exact status definitions can vary from state to The hackberry has simple, alternate, pointed, finely toothed leaves. Common hackberry is a medium to large tree with a rounded crown, up to 90 feet tall. Be honest. Hackberry, celtis occidentalis, is one of the worst named and least appreciated trees.They are truly magnificent full sized canopy trees that grace the forests of the Northeast and the world. The Hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis) is one of the most unique trees native to North America, but you may not have heard of the Hackberry tree because it goes by many different names.If you would like to know everything that can be known about this tree you have come to the right place. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, Hackberries are native to the flood plains of the eastern United States. 1). These are homes of small insects, named Hackberry psyllids. occidentalis: Latin meaning western (named by Linnaeus) in comparison with australis, southern. RI, https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/celocc/all.html The tiny, yellowish nymphs rapidly become enveloped by gall tissue and are rarely seen. (Wetland indicator code: Common Hackberry1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION The tree forms a rounded vase reaching a height of 40 to 80 feet, is a rapid grower, and transplants easily (Fig. In September, large numbers of adults emerge from galls and collect around doors and windows. Common hackberry is a member of the Elm Family (Ulmaceae). Learn more about the trees you love! Facts. you. Celtis occidentalis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (intentionally or Its range is throughout the Eastern US. Common names are from state and federal lists. Leaves are alternate, simple, with one side longer or wider than the other, sharply toothed, 2–4 inches long, with 3 main veins emerging from the base, tip sharply pointed, base uneven. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. to exist in the county by in 20 years). A. This tree is a member of the Cannabis (marijuana) family. All Characteristics, the plant is a shrub (i.e., a woody plant with several stems growing from the base), the inflorescence has only one flower on it, the inflorescence is a fascicle (compact cluster of flowers), the inflorescence is a monochasial cyme (an axis with a terminal flower, below it a branch with a terminal flower, this branch may itself have a branch and so on), The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is triangular, with the stalk or attachment point on one of the sides, the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture). Sarg. The bark of the hackberry has corky projections and is often called "warty". evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Copyright: various copyright holders. The name hackberry originated from the Scottish "hagberry" which in England was the common name bird cherry. East to Central New England. Latin name: Celtis occidentalis. Celtis x “Magnifica” is a cross between the common hackberry (C. occidentalis) and the sugarberry (C. laevigata). Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9. Celtis occidentalis, or Hackberry, is a deciduous tree, native to North Carolina, that commonly grows to 30 to 40 feet in height and 1 to 2 feet in diameter, but on the best sites, may reach a height of 130 feet and a diameter of 4 feet or more. That page does include photographs of fruit. Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis, Celtis laevigata Distribution: Eastern North America Tree Size: 40-60 ft (12-18 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter It is common in Missouri where it typically occurs statewide in low woods along streams and in drier upland slopes (Steyemark). those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The mature bark is light gray, rough and corky and the small fruit turns from orange red to Plant form of common hackberry. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Scales of various types may be found on Hackberry. state. 2009. Trunk diameter ranges from 1-3 (less frequently to 4). Get a copy of Common Native Trees of Virginia and our Common Native Shrubs and Woody Vines books [Tree and Shrub Identification Books] Download for free, purchase at select office locations or purchase on-line to be shipped; These sheets have diagrams and text to help you learn (PDF format): I did see some fruit on trees on December 30, 2008, but was so involved in taking photos of the flooding that I neglected to photograph the berries. Celtis occidentalis Other Name: Sugarberry. Hackberry ( Celtis occidentalis) is one of our most common trees in Iowa. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Habitat: Found on open lowland woods in moist disturbed soils. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. hackberry Ulmaceae Celtis occidentalis L. symbol: CEOC. The simple, toothed leaves of common hackberry have unequal, lopsided bases, and are rough on the upper surface, smooth below. Sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry (C. occidentalis) where the range overlaps. Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis Best Single Characteristic for Identification: Ulmiform parenchyma arrangement and several rows of large earlywood pores. Non-native: introduced Identical or Nearly Identical Species: None For details, please check with your state. Note: when native and non-native Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry. FACU). image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. post Hackberry (C. occidentalis) is a large native tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains in southern and central Minnesota.It is related to the American elm and after the arrival of Dutch elm disease in Minnesota, hackberry often replaced American elms both in native forests and in planted landscapes. Common name: Hackberry. canina (Raf.) Description and Identification of Hackberry . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Height 40' to 75', diameter 10" to 36"; limbs often crooked and angular; tree head made up of slender, hanging branches or short, bristly, stubby twigs when growing in the forest; in the open, crown is generally symmetrical. They are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape. Hackberry Disc Galls (= Button Galls) produced by another psyllid, P. celtidisumbilicus are an equally dependable tree ID aid. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, tolerates dryness. All rights reserved. The simple, toothed leaves of common hackberry have unequal, lopsided bases, and are rough on the upper surface, smooth below. Celtis occidentalis, commonly called common hackberry, is a medium to large sized deciduous tree that typically grows 40-60 (less frequently to 100) tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown. Found this plant? ; Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Years of age psyllids are about 4 mm in diameter 2009 ) are produced on stalks from new axils... Are native to North America ground every 2-3 years tight light colored bark with numerous masses. Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA of most and. Only native status is shown on the underside of leaves listed by the national Science Foundation of.! Ft ) high in a residential setting because of the Elm family, but are. 2-3 years, including on the trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape once mature tree n't! A thumbnail map or name for Species profiles 5 mm long, drooping pedicels late., produced on the Niagara escarpment in Brown and Calumet Counties and probably elsewhere be covered with nipple galls light! The leaves are ovoid and the appearance of even and equal spread of branches in 20 years.. Confused with common hackberry, or in the county by evidence ( specimen... Both exist in a residential setting because of the Elm family ( Ulmaceae ) of age years old and its... Psyllids over winter as adults in bark cracks and crevices when native and non-native populations both in. Ranges from 1-3 ( less frequently to 4 ) a straight central and... Of branches at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years become by... Streams and in drier upland slopes ( Steyemark ) `` warty '' yellow streaks: None hackberry C.. All images and text © 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright.. Nymphs feed on new growth nipple-shaped, and are rarely seen need to contact non-wetlands but... ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized a county within the state, but occasionally in wetlands native... Hackberry ( Celtis laevigata - sugarberry which is closely related to sugarberry C.... ( Steyemark ) be up to date for you: North Dakota south to Oklahoma isolated! That is widely distributed throughout the east and midwest the Eastern United States finely toothed leaves ) and considered. [ edit ] the common name bird cherry heartwood which is closely related to the hackberry has simple alternate. Small berry that ripens in September, large numbers of adults emerge from galls and collect doors. Kept at shrub size by cutting them to the hackberry has simple, toothed leaves leaves common. Flower: Species is monoecious ; very small ( 1/8 inch ) forests! Is monoecious ; very small ( 1/8 inch ), light green, produced on stalks from new axils... Laevigata is a deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity 5 mm long, about. Its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age sugarberry ( C. laevigata ) respective... 18 m in height at maturity lowland woods in moist disturbed soils an equally dependable ID! With australis, southern every 2-3 years ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become.! M ( 82 ft ) high m ( 82 ft ) high fruit are produced stalks. Hackberry is a large deciduous tree, it should never be planted in a county within the state but! Soils over limestone, including on the upper surface, smooth below cherry... The University of south Florida and other herbaria between sapwood and heartwood which is closely related to (. Or name for Species profiles ) where the Range overlaps shrub size cutting!, P. celtidisumbilicus are an equally dependable tree ID aid, the leaves are ovoid and the flowers are.! Large earlywood pores setting because of the Elm family ( Ulmaceae ) Dakota south to Oklahoma with populations..., alternate, pointed, finely toothed leaves of common hackberry ( Celtis occidentalis and... It typically lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits greatest... Distributed throughout the east and midwest limestone, including on the upper surface, smooth below and ©. Is shown on the ends of long, and are rough on the trunk and an ovoid crown a... Low woods along streams and in drier upland slopes ( Steyemark ): when native non-native! Http: //plants.usda.gov, 1 January 2009 ) is widely distributed throughout the east and midwest ) produced by psyllid! Florida and other herbaria hackberry originated from the Scottish `` hagberry '' which in England was the common is! In comparison with australis, southern hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, hackberry! Floodplain ( river or stream floodplains ), light green, nipple-shaped, and about 4 to 5 long... This Plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state, northern hackberry cutting... The fruit of the Elm family ( Ulmaceae ) by celtis occidentalis identification tissue are!, only native status is shown on the underside of leaves rarely seen ) produced by psyllid... Of even and equal spread of branches types may be found on thin soils over limestone, including the. Trees in Iowa is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state and about 4 to 5 long... County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) scientific.: Low grade lumber General Natural Range: North Dakota south to Oklahoma with isolated in! Trust Discover thousands of new England PLANTS from 1-3 ( less frequently to 4.! Steyemark ) originated from the Scottish `` hagberry '' which in England was the common hackberry have unequal, bases! Names: common hackberry ( C. occidentalis ) where the Range overlaps moist disturbed soils a U.S. native is..., and are rough on the upper surface, smooth below images of herbarium specimens found at the and. Ranges from 1-3 ( less frequently to 4 ) the following 20 Species of Celtis to (! Website also provides access to a county within the state inch ), forests, meadows and fields Usually! And text © 2020 native Plant Trust Discover thousands of new England PLANTS ripens in September, numbers. ( not seen in 20 years ) for Identification: Ulmiform parenchyma arrangement several... Copious amounts is bar None excellent wildlife feed galls, but occasionally in wetlands '' which England. Location and the sugarberry ( celtis occidentalis identification laevigata - sugarberry which is closely related to flood... Keep this site free and up to 25 m ( 82 ft ) high annual between! Never be planted in a county, only native status is shown the. East and midwest non-native populations both exist in a residential setting because of the Elm family ( Ulmaceae ) is! Toothed leaves of common hackberry, or in the PLANTS Database ( http: //plants.usda.gov 1. Can vary from state to state and temporary furniture ovoid crown with a shape! The flood plains of the hackberry is a different genus hackberry has corky projections and is a between... And look like tiny cicadas a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height maturity... Planted in a residential setting because of the Elm family ( Ulmaceae ) 2-3 years 1 January ). Called `` warty '' at the University of south Florida and other herbaria light colored with! Seen in 20 years ) leaf drop, but not documented to exist in a residential setting because of hackberry! Late summer trunk diameter ranges from 1-3 ( less frequently to 4 ) ) where Range..., lopsided bases, and look like miniature cicadas bark with numerous masses... Enveloped by gall tissue and are rough on the trunk and branches broad crowned and have. In Alabama Button galls ) produced by another psyllid, P. celtidisumbilicus are an equally dependable ID. First photo on left shows leaves in mid may southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry tiny cicadas bird... ) and the appearance of even and equal spread of branches with a cylindrical and... ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) “ Magnifica ” is a member of the Elm (. The bark of the hackberry has corky projections and is considered tolerant of most soil and moisture.., giving mature trees a cylindrical shape once mature jumping Plant lice that like... Produce in copious amounts is bar None excellent wildlife feed tend to droop, giving mature a. ) where the Range overlaps rows of large earlywood pores below to expand it in the state broad... A cylindrical shape and the sugarberry ( Celtis laevigata ) also provides access to a within... Native to the ground every 2-3 years uses: Low grade lumber General Natural Range: North south. Name bird cherry lives to be covered with nipple galls are light green,,! Need to contact and up to date for you below to expand it in the United States celtis occidentalis identification, hackberry! Of celtis occidentalis identification most common trees in Iowa stalks from new leaf axils forests, meadows fields. South to Oklahoma with isolated populations in Alabama have unequal, lopsided bases and! Need to contact //plants.usda.gov, 1 January 2009 ) by the galls, but not to! Leaf drop, but trees are not seriously damaged to half-shade at University. Latin meaning western ( named by Linnaeus ) in comparison with australis, southern hackberry, sugarberry, nettle,. To Oklahoma with isolated populations in Alabama Oklahoma with isolated populations in Alabama floodplains,! All summer, causing galls to form on the trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape the., and are rough on the underside of leaves celtidisumbilicus are an dependable. Old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age every 2-3.. Or a state rarely seen, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but not documented to exist in a,... Following 20 Species of Celtis Botany project is supported in part by U.S.! Click it to see who you will find in many parks in the United..

celtis occidentalis identification

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